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Both hospitalized babies and those being cared for at home can use donor milk. In the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), the use of donor milk is associated with lower rates of serious complications, shorter hospital stays, and higher rates of exclusive maternal breastfeeding at discharge. For outpatients, donor milk can help babies with certain conditions, sensitivities, and allergies thrive and grow. Bridge milk, which refers to short term supplementation either in well babies in the maternity unit or at home can be a bridge to breastfeeding success. For more detailed information regarding the medical benefits of donor milk, please visit our Clinical Info page.

Donor milk is distributed by prescription or hospital order only. The only exception is limited bridge milk of 40 ounces or less (total, not per order) in the newborn period. Frozen pasteurized donor milk is available in 200ml, 100ml, and 50ml bottles. Donor milk processing fees offset the costs of donor screening, bottles, milk testing, pasteurization, and staff time.

Hospitals in the greater Pittsburgh area typically use a courier service to transport milk and local outpatient families may pickup milk at our facility in the Strip District. For facilities and families outside of the greater Pittsburgh area, donor milk is shipped overnight.

For Hospitals, birth centers, and lactation centers

For hospitals, birth centers, and lactation centers

All donor milk from our milk bank is pasteurized, nutritionally analyzed, drug tested, and cultured for bacteria post-pasteurization. Visit our Clinical Info page to learn about our procedures, testing, and other services. We offer a number of types of milk to serve the needs of the babies that you care for:

  • Term milk: 20, 22, 24 kcal per ounce
  • Pre-term milk: Milk expressed in the first 30 days post-partum by a parent delivering at 36 weeks gestation or earlier.
  • De-fatted milk: Milk that has been mechanically skimmed. Fat content of 1% or less.
  • Cream: The byproduct of the skimming process. Varies in nutritional content. Contact us for more information.
  • Specialty diets: Milk that that is donated by mothers with dairy restricted or soy restricted diets. Please note that while such donors are often following these diets because of the health of themselves or their babies, the milk bank cannot verify the diets of donors.
  • Colostrum: Milk expressed during the first 4 days post-partum.
Human donor milk price chart

Interested in learning more about our services?

Contact us using the form below:

For Healthcare Providers Prescribing Outpatient Milk

For healthcare providers prescribing outpatient milk

Pasteurized donor human milk in the outpatient setting

Mid-Atlantic Mothers’ Milk Bank provides pasteurized donor milk for both medically necessary and discretionary use in outpatients. A prescription is required for quantities over 40oz/1200ml (total per recipient, not per order).

Medical need describes a situation where a child has a condition that is known to be improved by the use of donor milk or has a formula intolerance that is creating adverse symptoms and suppressing adequate growth.

Discretionary use refers to the use of donor milk in circumstances where there is limited or no access to the mother’s own milk, but the infant has no medical issue that would prevent them from tolerating formula. Examples of discretionary use include scenarios such as adoption, breast surgery, maternal medications, or low milk supply.

Historically, our milk bank has maintained a reliable, ample supply to fulfill all donor milk requests, for both medical needs and discretionary use in our geographical service region. Should a time of shortage arise, hospitals will be prioritized, followed by outpatients with medical needs. For a full explanation, read our distribution policy.

1. Prescription

Per Pennsylvania state law and the guidelines of the Human Milk Banking Association of North America (HMBANA), the distribution of donor milk requires a prescription or hospital order from a licensed healthcare provider with prescription writing privileges who is caring for the recipient child.

You may use our prescription forms or provide your own. Prescriptions must include:

  • Recipient child’s name
  • Recipient child’s date of birth
  • Current date
  • The medical reason donor milk is required
  • Amount of donor milk required per day (in ml or oz)
  • The number of weeks donor milk is required, up to 24 weeks

If the prescription is for a small volume of supplement in the healthy newborn of a breastfeeding mother, bridge milk/insufficient maternal supply can be listed as the reason.

Submit your prescription:

Click here to complete an online prescription form

Click here to upload your own prescription or to alert us that you will be faxing a prescription to 412-281-4236.

If the order is for discretionary use or private pay donor milk the prescription is all that you must provide. For medically necessary donor milk that is to be covered by insurance, pre-authorization must be sought by the prescriber.

2. Insurance pre-authorization

Medically necessary donor milk may be covered by insurance, including Medicaid and commercial plans. Most health plans require pre-authorization, which must be requested by the prescribing healthcare provider. Per health plan protocols, the milk bank cannot request the pre-authorization.

A letter of medical necessity is usually required. You may use your own, or for your convenience, we have a template that you can fill out online and print or save to submit to the insurance plan. It is strongly recommended that you use our template because it includes information that is most commonly required by insurance plans.

If the recipient is currently an inpatient but will require donor milk at home, please have the case manager pursue pre-authorization prior to discharge.

Click here for the letter of medical necessity template


Our organization relies on the generosity of our donors. In the event there is a shortage of milk, distribution is prioritized by medical need. First priority is given to neonatal intensive care units and hospitals, then outpatients with medical needs, and finally bridge milk and discretionary use. Read our distribution policy.


If you have any questions please contact our business manager,
Sara Vins Bobish at 412-281-4400 ext. 111.

For Families Needing Milk on an Outpatient Basis

For families needing milk on an outpatient basis

There are many reasons why a family may order donor milk for outpatient use.

Babies with certain conditions, such as malabsorption disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, congenital heart disease, and allergies can greatly benefit from the nutritional and immunological support of donor milk. Occasionally, there are infants who are not thriving and growing adequately, even with a prescription formula. Donor milk can make a big difference for all of these babies.

Sometimes a small amount of supplementation is required for well babies in the first two weeks of life as mothers work on establishing their milk supplies or work through latching difficulties. We refer to this as “bridge milk” because it is bridging the gap as these issues resolve.


Donor milk processing fees ($4.50/oz) cover the costs of donor screening, milk testing, bottling, and pasteurization. Medically necessary donor milk may be covered by insurance.

Medical need vs discretionary use

Insurance may cover a documented medical need for donor milk. If insurance coverage is unavailable, families in our region with an infant with a documented medical need may also be eligible for the income based sliding scale discount program. A baby with a medical need for donor milk may have a condition that is known to be improved by the use of donor milk or a formula intolerance that is creating symptoms and not supporting adequate growth. Documented trials of formula, often including a specialty prescription only formula, may be required.

Discretionary use refers to the use of donor milk in situations where there is limited or no access to the mother’s own milk, but the infant has no medical issue that would prevent them from tolerating formula. Examples of discretionary use include scenarios such as adoption, breast surgery, or low milk supply.

Ordering outpatient donor milk for your child

For orders of bridge donor milk or discretionary use donor milk for no longer than two weeks to be picked up at the milk bank or a local dispensary, follow the instructions of our Donor Milk in You Neighborhood Program. Please contact the milk bank at 412-281-4400 or to arrange for pickup before filling out the form.

For donor milk use exceeding two weeks or for donor milk to be covered by insurance follow these instructions:

1. Contact your child’s healthcare provider
It is important for your child’s healthcare provider to be aware of supplementation that your child receives. A prescription is required for more than (12) 100ml bottles of donor milk (total over a recipient’s lifetime, not per order). The prescription must be written by a licensed healthcare provider (doctor, physician’s assistant, nurse practitioner) who is caring for your child.‌‌‌

If you are pursuing insurance coverage for donor milk, the prescribing healthcare provider must contact your child’s health insurance plan to request pre-authorization. Refer your child’s healthcare provider to our website or give them this Prescriber Info Sheet.

Please note: You do not need a prescription for small amounts of bridge milk. A prescription is only required for use beyond 40 ounces, total per recipient child, not per order.

2. Contact us
Complete our Outpatient Donor Milk Recipient Inquiry Form
or call us at 412-281-4400.

3. Complete the Recipient Family forms and make payment (if private pay)
A link to the appropriate forms will be sent to you after we have communicated with you and have learned of your child’s specific needs.

4. Arrange for pickup or shipping
Overnight shipping or pick up at our lab in Pittsburgh or a dispensary near you will be arranged.

For families using bridge milk post-discharge - Pay here

For families leaving the hospital with donor milk

If your family needs to privately pay for donor milk when being discharged from the hospital and the unit is sending you home with bottles of donor milk, complete the Dispensary Order Form. After you complete the form, you will be directed to a payment link. You will be required to show the receipt to the hospital staff.

Donor Milk in Your Neighborhood
Donor Milk in Your Neighborhood

Current dispensary locations

Mid-Atlantic Mother’s Milk Bank
3127 Penn Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15201

Lehigh Valley Breastfeeding Center
1517 Pond Road
Allentown, PA 18104

Lifecycle WomanCare
918 County Line Road
Bryn Mawr, PA 19010

More coming soon.

Learn more about Donor Milk in Your Neighborhood.

Costs and insurance coverage

Cost and insurance coverage

Donor milk requires testing and pasteurization for the safety of its recipients who typically have complex medical needs. (Learn more about safety here.) The milk bank, similar to a blood bank, relies on fees from hospitals or recipients to cover the significant costs associated with donor screening, testing, and processing.

This fee, in the NICU, is paid by the hospital, as each hospital orders a supply and distributes it according to their own evidence-based criteria. For outpatients with documented medical needs, the cost of donor milk is typically covered by insurance. For the occasional cases of medically necessary donor milk that are not covered, Mid-Atlantic Mothers’ Milk Bank has an income-based sliding scale program to offset costs for families.

A lot goes into every ounce of medicine
Cost of milk chart


Insurance may pay for outpatient donor milk when there is a documented medical need. Coverage for donor milk is evolving across all states in our service region, and we are seeing many more cases being covered.

For infants residing in Pennsylvania who are eligible for Medical Assistance, Owen’s Law became effective on January 20, 2024. The law mandates Medical Assistance coverage of outpatient donor milk for babies 12 months and under (adjusted for gestational age) who have the following diagnoses. Pre-authorization is required.

  • A congenital or acquired gastrointestinal condition or other serious medical condition associated with long-term feeding or malabsorption complications.
  • Congenital heart disease requiring surgery in the first year of life.
  • Has had or will have an organ or bone marrow transplant or has an immunologic deficiency.
  • A history of sepsis.
  • Renal disease requiring dialysis in the first year of life.
  • Any other health condition for which the use of PDHM is medically necessary as determined by the Department.

Donor milk may also be purchased using employee Health Flexible Spending Accounts. Parents should contact their employers for more information.

We recognize the high cost associated with long term use of donor milk. To assist families in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland, we have an income based sliding scale fee discount program (10%-90% discount) for babies with a medical need for donor milk who lack insurance coverage. The program is made possible through generous donations. To apply for the program, please email us at

Recipient families are responsible for shipping costs and any coinsurance amounts required by their insurance plan.

If you have any questions regarding coverage, please contact Sara Vins Bobish, Business Manager, at 412 281-4400 ext. 111 or